Episode 17: What Is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
Talking About the Diabetes Epidemic
Dr. Deepthi Kunduru, Endocrinologist at Sisters of Charity Hospital, St. Joseph Campus, recognizes the need for a public awareness around diabetes better than anyone. A disease of the pancreas, diabetes affects a patient’s ability to produce the hormone insulin, which humans use to regulate blood sugar. Recent data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that the number of people living with diabetes globally has nearly tripled since 1980. Increasing rates of obesity and limited access to nutritious food, especially in vulnerable populations, are said to be blamed for a rise in Type 2, specifically.
In her debut on The Right Way to Care, Dr. Kunduru breaks down the fundamental difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1, also known as juvenile diabetes, means that the human body produces little to no insulin on its own, and therefore patients must receive an insulin dosage from an outside source. With Type 2 diabetes, patient’s bodies have reached a state where they are rejecting the insulin that is still being produced.
For more information about the educational tools provided by Catholic Health to learn about diabetes, click here.
If you take care of diabetes in the initial stage, it is a very benign condition.
If you let it go, and let your body be exposed to high blood sugars for a while, then there is a risk of you becoming insulin dependent and at an increased risk for complications like heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, amputation, kidney failure, or ending up with dialysis.
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